Instructions The thread must be at least 500 words and

Instructions

The thread must be at least 500 words and demonstrate course-related  knowledge. In addition to the thread, you are required to reply to two 2 threads below. Each reply should be at least 250 words and  each reply must be different.

Topic

In your review of the article An Historical Perspective on the Interplay of Christian Thought and Business Ethics[in attachments], the  authors discuss both the feasibility and challenges of providing  effective guidance for business decisions by using a set of ethical  principles that remain stable over time, rather than responding to  changes in the business environment. Discuss the major points in this  article that cause the authors to conclude that ethical principles based  on non-business sources are ineffective as a check on the undesirable  effects of business on society. Discuss the challenges modern business  leaders have experienced, and currently experience, applying ethical  principles in the workplace. Share your experiences as they relate to  the authors’ main points.

Reply(250 words each)

Thread Reply 1

This  article discusses how the role and values of Christianity affected the  business of commerce from early times to the time of Enlightenment.  Business Insight journal stated, “once a particular religion or a  certain part of its purportedly religious enterprises becomes  characterized as commercial, this aspect of the religion is quickly  deemed either nonreligious or marginal to religious concerns.”  (Meyler,2009). One of the main reasons this article favors religion as  ineffective is that Christian views are considered subjective and can be  changed to better fit the current environment or time. This statement  is supported because various scripture in the Bible is vastly regarded  as open for interpretation. One typical example is the difference  between the Apostolic and Baptist churches. St. Matthew the Evangelist  stated that “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing  them in the name of the Father and of the Son and the Holy Spirit”  (Matt. 28:19, NIV). Apostolic churches don’t believe in the Holy Trinity  the same way as Baptist churches do. Apostolic beliefs state there is  one God who manifests as three different entities.  This article list  five aspects that should be considered when looking at the effectiveness  of Christian values in the world of commerce. One is how wealth and  poverty have been viewed is another topic that demonstrates some of the  shortcomings of ethical principles from a non-business source not being  the most effective manner to conduct business.  As time progress, the  status of one economic standing varies vastly on location and time. To  properly answer this question, there must be a standard of life  acceptable for all people. Wealth also has a connection with the  altitude of work where the certain type or skill levels of works which  another major topic where Christian values may not be enough on their  own. “Christian ethics in economics and business has a long tradition  but still needs future developments.“ (Melé & Fontrodona, 2016). 

             One of the biggest problems found when applying ethical principles in  the workplace is ethical decision making where people sometimes struggle  to act ethically. The problem is not limited to the individuals, but  the company itself is vitally important to exemplify standards of  ethical conduct. Another problem is that ethical behaviors in the  workplace are crucial in creating an atmosphere for positive  organizational growth, and the opposite will greatly damage that  positive environment. I can see why the author feels that Christian  ethics alone will not be enough, but the value of Christians should be  considered the fundamental base in any business. Unfortunately, one  disadvantage of using biblical ethics to make a moral decision is the  lack of advice on modern-day issues. Several principles and lessons can  still be used today, but the cultural distance could still be addressed.  As stated earlier, some areas where decision-making from a biblical  perspective is considered open for interpretation. So I would strongly  suggest that the company base the moral on biblical ethics and apply  business-based ethics to ensure a modern company that will succeed.

Thread Reply 2

The article An Historical Perspective on the Interplay of Christian Thought and Business Ethics  by Darlene Bay, Kim McKeage, and Jeffrey McKeage discussed how  Christianity’s view toward ethics have evolved over time.  The article  discusses five periods through time Early Christianity, The Patristic  Period, The Dark and Middle Age, The Reformation, and The Enlightenment.   In early Christianity it was not okay to charge interest or to have  any personal property and work should only be done to benefit the  community.  In the Patristic Period it was still not okay to charge  interest.  Ownership of land  and possessions were allowed but only what  was needed to support yourself and the church.  Some Christians in this  period  still lived in small communities but some Christians no longer  lived in small communities and were members of society.  In the Dark and  Middle Ages it was okay to have land and possessions and there were no  limits to the amount.  The topic of interest began to be debated during  this period.  During this period Christians now were are part of society  and the Catholic church controlled much of society.  In the Reformation  it became okay to charge interest and modern capitalism began to take  shape.  During this period  the Catholic church lost there power over  society.  During the Enlightenment the church began to turn business  ethics over to the government and laws.  As this article illustrated  that over time as society has evolved and changed over time  Christianity’s view toward business has changed as well.   The article  talked about how at times the ethical views changed as a result of  having to give justification to the changes society. The article An Historical Perspective on the Interplay of Christian Thought and Business Ethics  discusses Charles Avial book Ownership: Early Christian Teaching: Early  Christian Teaching which says   “Believers were no longer taught that  they should strive to acquire only enough wealth on which to live but  were instructed to maintain adequate wealth according to their station  in life.  This shift in ideology can be seen as encouraging the peasants  to be content with their earthly life, while justifying the wealth and  comfort of the nobility (Avila, 1983)” (Bay, 2010).  The article An Historical Perspective on the Interplay of Christian Thought and Business Ethics also  talked about how the changes in Christianity’s view on business ethics  happened as a necessity to adapt to the changing ethics of a changing  and evolving society.  The article An Historical Perspective on the Interplay of Christian Thought and Business Ethics  discusses the works of Cohen, De-Jaun, Gilchrist, Grassby, Kaelber, and  Monsalve and stated that “By the end of the Reformation, a somewhat  ambiguous attitude toward business had developed, even among the clergy.  Business was praised and deplored even within the same sect. Although  business might still be considered heresy, the obvious benefit of  business to society and to the church through donations and bequests  could not be ignored (Grassby, 1995). The changes in the business  environment had made some of the old principles as developed by St.  Aquinas and others difficult and ineffective. For example, the shift to a  more mercantile system, where products are produced in bulk and sold at  some distance made the original conception of a just price obsolete  (De-Juan & Monsalve, 2006). It should be noted that not everyone  agrees with Weber’s theory regarding the direction of the causation  between capitalism and Puritanism. Some believe that the new sect was  simply responding to societal changes that would have occurred in any  event (Cohen, 2002; Gilchrist, 1969).” (Bay, 2010)  I believe that a  business ethics will need to adapt as they evolve and as society evolves  around them but they must remain consistent to there core values.

 

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